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What are the symptoms and signs of migraine, what are their causes, how to get rid of them and what are the best treatments?

MIGRAINES can ruin your day with intense pain and cause you to hide in a dark room until they pass.

They are worse than a headache and require specific treatment to try to prevent them from becoming too severe.


Migraines can last for days – and there’s no cure, but there are ways to manage the pain and the conditionCredit: Getty – Contributor

What are the stages of a migraine?

There are four stages of a migraine – prodrome, aura, headache, and post-drome.


  • Constipation
  • Mood swings, from depression to euphoria
  • Food cravings
  • Neck stiffness
  • Increased thirst and urination
  • Frequent yawning

Will have

  • Visual phenomena, such as seeing various shapes, bright spots, or flashes of light
  • Vision loss
  • Pin-and-needle sensations in an arm or leg
  • Weakness or numbness of the face or one side of the body
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Hear noises or music
  • Uncontrollable shaking or other movements


  • Pain on one or both sides of the head
  • Throbbing or throbbing pain
  • Sensitivity to light, sound, and sometimes smells and touch
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Blurred vision
  • Dizziness, sometimes followed by fainting

Post drome

  • Confusion
  • gloomy mood
  • Dizziness
  • Weakness
  • Sensitivity to light and sound

Often the only way to get rid of a migraine is to take painkillers and sleep.

Sufferers normally rest in a darkened room until it has passed – which can be up to 72 hours.

Medications used to prevent migraines include topiramate, an anti-epileptic drug, and a drug called propranolol, typically used to treat high blood pressure.

What are the typical symptoms of migraine?

  • Throbbing and throbbing pain
  • Light sensitivity
  • Sound sensitivity
  • Nausea
  • Pain on one side
  • Vision changes, blurred vision
  • Will have
  • Vomiting

Is migraine a serious problem?

It’s not a serious problem to worry about, but it can have a detrimental effect on your life if you suffer severely from regular migraines.

These are common health problems, affecting around one in five women and one in 15 men.

But if you start having these symptoms along with a severe headache — and it’s not your normal migraine — get help:

  • Weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Loss of equilibrium
  • Numbness or tingling
  • Speech disorder
  • Confusion
  • Seizures

What causes migraines?

The causes of migraines are not completely clear, but hormonal changes in women, diet – including aged cheeses, wine, food additives, salty and processed foods – stress, medications and changes in sleep patterns can all cause it.

If you suspect a specific trigger is causing your migraines, such as stress or a certain type of food, avoiding that may help lower your risk of migraines.

It can also help maintain a generally healthy lifestyle, including exercise, sleep, and regular meals, as well as ensure you stay well hydrated and limit your caffeine and alcohol intake.

The exact cause of migraines is unknown, but they are thought to be the result of abnormal brain activity temporarily affecting nerve signals, chemicals, and blood vessels in the brain.
It’s unclear what causes this change in brain activity, but it’s possible that your genes make you more likely to get migraines due to a specific trigger.

Migraine attacks can sometimes get worse over time, but they tend to get better gradually over many years for most people.

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