Low Blood Sugar Symptoms and Treatment – Mount Vernon Democrat

A hypoglycemic episode occurs when blood sugar levels fall below normal and reach a potentially dangerous level. During a hypoglycemia attack, people may experience symptoms such as sweating, shaking, or fatigue. Eating fast-acting carbohydrates quickly can help restore blood sugar. Blood sugar, or blood sugar, refers to the amount of sugar present in the blood. It is the body’s main source of energy, and keeping blood sugar within a safe range is necessary for good health. When blood sugar drops below normal levels, it is called low blood sugar or low blood sugar. The term hyperglycemia refers to a blood sugar level above normal levels. Although hypoglycemia occurs more often in people with diabetes, it can also occur in people without diabetes.

In this article, we discuss the warning signs of a hypoglycemic episode, how to treat it, and what to do in a hypoglycemic emergency.

Symptoms of a hypoglycemic episode

Symptoms of a hypoglycemic episode A hypoglycemic episode often comes on quickly and can vary from person to person. Therefore, it is important for a person and his relatives to know his personal warning signs. Symptoms of hypoglycemia can be:

– trembling or nervous feeling
– nervousness or anxiety
– sweating, chills and clammy feeling
– irritability or restlessness
– confusion
– fast or unsteady heartbeat
– dizziness or lightheadedness
– hunger
– nausea
– paleness of the skin, which may be more apparent in lighter-skinned people
– feeling tired and weak or lack of energy
– Blurred vision
– tingling or numbness
– headache
– clumsiness
– nightmares
In very severe cases, when blood sugar levels become extremely low, people may lose consciousness or have a seizure.

Definition and causes of hypoglycemia

Experts generally define hypoglycemia as a blood sugar level below 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl) or 4 millimoles per liter (mmol/l). Usually, the target blood glucose range in adults with diabetes is around 70-180 mg/dl or 4-7 mmol/l. However, these ranges may vary slightly depending on factors such as age, medications, and general health.

Some experts may also use levels to define the severity of hypoglycemia. These levels can have the following ranges:

– Level 1, or mild: blood sugar below 70 mg/dl but equal to or above 54 mg/dl.
– Level 2 or moderate: Blood sugar is below 54 mg/dl.
– Level 3 or severe: Blood sugar is often below mg/dl and the person is unable to function. She will need another person to administer the corrective measures.

There are many possible causes of low blood sugar, both in people with diabetes and in those without. These include the trusted source:

– deliver or produce too much insulin
– eating too many carbohydrates after a dose of insulin
– incorrect insulin dosage
– the practice of a physical activity
– Alcohol consumption
– spending time in a hot and humid climate
– eat meals high in fat and fiber
– spend time at high altitude
– experiencing changes in hormone levels

Management and prevention

It is important for people to try to keep their blood sugar within the target range to prevent or delay potential health problems. Typically, this involves monitoring blood sugar, being alert to symptoms, and correcting low blood sugar with carbohydrates.

The frequency with which people check their blood sugar varies, but it is common to do so after waking up, before and after meals, and before going to sleep. More frequent checks may be necessary in hot weather or if a person is physically active or ill. Also, it’s essential to have supplies, such as glucose tablets, on hand to quickly raise your blood sugar if needed.

Some tips on how to control blood sugar:

– Managing the ABCs of Diabetes: The ABCs refer to A1C levels, blood pressure and cholesterol, in addition to quitting smoking.
– Follow a Diabetes Meal Plan: Eating a variety of nutritious foods from all food groups can help Trusted Source people stay healthy.
– Physical activity: Regular exercise has many health benefits and can help people manage their blood sugar levels.
Medication: Taking medication for diabetes and other health conditions can help people reach their ABC goal.

Action plan

If a person begins to notice symptoms that they associate with hypos, they are advised to check their blood sugar levels. If it is below 54 mg/dl, the person should follow the 15-15 rule.

This rule suggests that a person consume 15 grams (g) of carbohydrates and check their blood sugar level after 15 minutes. If blood sugar is still low, the person should consume another 15g serving of carbohydrates. People should repeat these steps until their blood sugar levels are within the norm.

Here are some products that contain about 15 g of carbohydrates:

– half a cup of juice or regular soda
– 1 tablespoon of sugar, honey
– hard or gummy candies, the number of which depends on the information on the food label
– 3-4 glucose tablets

Once blood sugar is within the range, individuals can consider having a nutritious meal or snack to ensure it does not drop too low.

Hypo emergency and when to seek help

If someone has a severe hypo, they may be unable to eat or drink. In this case, call the emergency services immediately.

hypo and unconsciousness

In some cases, people may be unable to recognize the warning signs of a low blood sugar episode. This can make it difficult to manage blood sugar and increase the risk of severe hypoglycemia. Although the exact cause of unrecognized hypoglycemia is not known, it would seem that if people experience frequent episodes of hypoglycemia, they become more likely not to notice or feel the warning signs. Anyone with diabetes who thinks they are losing consciousness from a hypo should talk to a doctor. They may be able to suggest strategies to improve awareness or recommend tools such as a continuous glucometer.

A hypoglycemic episode occurs when a person’s blood sugar is low. Often, she notices symptoms such as shaking, sweating and dizziness. However, symptoms can vary from person to person, so it is important that they know their own warning signs.

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