Using medication can help someone diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) stay in a job for a long time, according to a new study.
A Swedish research team from Örebro University and Karolinska Institutet found that someone diagnosed with the disease who used medication daily was ten percent less likely to suffer a long spell of unemployment.
The effect was even greater for women, with those taking drugs being more than 30% less likely to suffer unemployment after two years of constant drug use.
The researchers highlight the help that the drug can bring to a person suffering from this kind of behavioral or attention disorder.
The Swedish research team found that ADHD patients who took medication were 10% less likely to have a spell of unemployment longer than 90 days, with women particularly benefiting.
“ADHD is one of the most common psychiatric disorders, characterized by inattention and hyperactivity with or without impulsivity,” the researchers wrote, noting that the condition affects approximately 5% of children and 2.5% of adults.
“Adults with ADHD have occupational impairments such as poor job performance, less job stability, financial problems, and an increased risk of unemployment,” they continued.
According to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 6.1 million children – half of whom are between the ages of 12 and 17 – are believed to have the disease, although rates have declined from 2011 to 2016.
The research team, which published its findings Wednesday in JAMA Network Open, collected data from nearly 13,000 “middle-aged” adults between the ages of 44 and 64.
The adults, all of whom had an ADHD diagnosis, were followed for five years from 2008 to 2013.
The data was split into two groups, half of which were people who used a daily medication to manage their condition, and half who did not.
Participants were asked about medication use and whether or not they were working.
“Randomized clinical trials have demonstrated that pharmacological treatments for ADHD are effective in reducing key features of ADHD in adults, including difficulty concentrating, poor planning, lack of organization, self-regulation deficits, forgetfulness and impulsivity,” the researchers said of the drug. , inferring why it would help a person stay employed.
The researchers said that adults with ADHD suffer from “poor job performance, less job stability, financial problems and an increased risk of unemployment”
A person who had been unemployed for 90 days or more was considered long-term unemployed.
The researchers found that the longer the women used the drug, the lower their long-term unemployment rate.
After about five months, their risk of long-term unemployment had fallen by more than 20%. In two years, more than 30%.
Men also benefited from drug use, but not as pronounced as for women.
After nearly a year of use, the risk of long-term unemployment among men had finally fallen to just under 10%.
In both sexes, the decline in long-term unemployment in both sexes was around ten percent.
“To our knowledge, this is the largest population-based, longitudinal study to assess the association of pharmacological treatment of ADHD with resultant long-term unemployment in middle-aged adults,” the authors wrote. researchers.
“We found that among people with ADHD, ADHD medication use in the previous 2 years was associated with a decreased risk of long-term unemployment, particularly among women.”